Biography

1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born on January 27 in Salzburg
1760 Mozart starts playing piano
1761 Wolfgang's first compositions are written down by his father Leopold
1762 First journey to Munich. Mozart and his sister Nannerl play piano for the elector Maximillian II. Further piano pieces are composed
1762-1763 First journey to Vienna. Mozart performs for Emperor Franz I. and Empress Maria Theresia
1763-1766 Journey to Paris and London during which the children give numerous concerts. Composition of violin sonatas
1763 Arrival in Paris. December: the family visits Versailles
1764 Two sonatas are the first works by Mozart to appear in print. April: the family leaves for London where Mozart meets Johann Christian Bach.
1765 July: the family leaves London for Salzburg. On their way they visit France, Belgium, Holland and Switzerland. Mozart composes his first symphonies and violin sonatas.
1767-1769 Second journey to Vienna: Leopold, Anna and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart leave Salzburg on September 11, hoping that they can perform during concerts at the wedding ceremonies of the Archduchess Josepha with King Ferdinand IV of Naples.
1767 The Archduchess dies of smallpox on October 15. Due to the smallpox epidemic in Vienna, the Mozarts decide to leave and travel to Olmütz. Wolfgang and Nannerl still both get infected with smallpox. Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots K. 35, Apollo et Hyacinthus K. 38
1768 January: the Mozarts return to Vienna. Emperor Joseph II probably proposes the composition of La finta semplice K. 51 (46a). Leopold Mozart makes plans for a journey to Italy. Bastien und Bastienne K. 50 (46b)
1769 Return to Salzburg. December: Leopold and Wolfgang leave for Italy.
1769-1771 First journey to Italy.
1770 While travelling to Milan Mozart receives the 'scrittura' for the carnival period of 1770/71: the composition of the opera Mitridate, Re di Ponto K. 87 as well as symphonies, church music, a string quartet and Betulia liberata K. 118 (74c). Using Milan as a base Leopold and Wolfgang travel through Italy. July 8: Mozart is awarded the medal "Vom Goldenen Sporn" by Pope Clemens XIV. Wolfgang probably studies with Padre Martini and visits performances of Italian operas. He is admitted to the Accademia filarmonica. December: 'Mitridate' is staged with great success. Mozart is asked to write another opera for Milan.
1771 Return to Salzburg. In August Wolfgang and Leopold leave for Italy again.
1771 Second journey to Italy.
Commission for a serenata for wedding ceremonies taking place in the emperor's family in Milano (Ascanio in Alba K. 111). Various works are composed. In December return to Salzburg.
1772 Various compositions: symphonies, church music (Regina coeli K. 127) Il Sogno di Scipione K. 126. October: Leopold and Wolfgang depart to Italy.
1772-1773 Third journey to Italy.
1772 Lucio Silla K. 135 is composed and premièred in Milan.
1773 Futile efforts by Leopold to obtain a post for his son with the Grand Duke of Tuscany. March: return to Salzburg.
1773 Third journey to Vienna.
1774 Wolfgang is commissioned to write an opera buffa for the Munich court: La finta giardiniera K. 196
1774-1775 Second journey to Munich. First performance of 'La finta giardiniera'.
1775 Archbishop Hieronymus Count Colloredo commissions Mozart and the court composer Domenico Fischietti to write the opera: Il re pastore K. 208
1776 Music for Thamos, König in Ägypten K. 345 (336a), piano concertos, serenades, masses, church sonatas
1777 Disputes with the new Archbishop of Salzburg. August: Leopold and Wolfgang are dismissed. Leopold's redundancy is retracted in September.
1777-1779 Journey to Paris.
1777 September: Mozart leaves with his mother for Munich where he unsuccessfully tries to obtain a post. From Munich the route leads to Augsburg and then to Mannheim, where the Mozarts stay until March 1778.
Continuation of the journey to Paris. In Mannheim and Paris Mozart composes Piano sonatas and Sonatas for Violin and Piano
1778 July 3: Death of Mozart's mother in Paris. September: Mozarts leaves Paris and travels to Mannheim, where he arrives in November although Leopold expressly forbade it. He unsuccessfully tries to find a post at the Mannheim court and leaves in December for Munich.
1779 Mozart returns to Salzburg in January. Coronation Mass K. 317
1780-1781 Journey to Munich (Idomeneo K. 366) and Vienna. Rift between Mozart and the Archbishop. Mozart begins the composition of 'The Abduction from the Seraglio'.
1782 July: First performance of The Abduction from the Seraglio K. 384. August: marriage to Constanze Weber. Mozart plans a journey to Paris in early 1783.
1783 First meeting with Lorenzo da Ponte. June 17: birth of the first child Raimund Leopold (died on August 19).
From end of July to end of November: Journey to Salzburg, where the unfinished Mass in C minor K. 427 (417a) is performed, including some settings from other works. October: Mozart travels to Linz. Linz Symphony K. 425
1784 'The Abduction from the Seraglio' is performed in Salzburg. Mozart is admitted to the Masonic lodge "Zur Wohltätigkeit". Piano Concertos in E-flat major K. 449, B-flat major K. 450, D major K. 451, G major K. 453, B-flat major K. 456 and F major K. 459, Piano Quintet K. 452, two of the Haydn Quartets (String Quartets in A major K. 464 and C major K. 465. September 21: birth of the second child Karl Thomas (died on October 31 1858 in Mailand)
1785 Piano Concertos in C major K. 467 and D minor K. 466, Maurerische Trauermusik K. 477 (479a)
1786 Première of The Marriage of Figaro K. 492. October 18: birth of the third child Johann Thomas Leopold (died on November 15)
1787 From January to mid-February: First journey to Prague. May 28: Leopold Mozart dies in Salzburg at the age of 68. From October to November: second journey to Prague, where 'Figaro' and Don Giovanni K. 527 are staged. December 27: birth of daughter Theresia.
1788 Three last symphonies K. 543, K. 550, K. 551. First arrangement of a work by Handel (Acis and Galathea) commissioned by Baron van Swieten. Death of daughter Theresia on June 29.
1789 From April to June: journey to Berlin. Arrangement of Handel's 'Messiah' for Baron van Swieten. Composition of 'Cosi fan tutte'. Clarinet Quintet K. 581. November 16: birth of daughter Anna, who lives only one hour.
1790 Première of Cosi fan tutte K. 588. From September to November: journey to Frankfurt/Main to visit the coronation of Emperor Leopold II. Mozart hopes that he can perform during concerts at the coronation ceremonies.
1791 July 26: Birth of son Franz Xaver (died on June 29 1844 in Karlsbad). Third journey to Prague, this time to attend the coronation of Leopold II who is crowned the King of Bohemia. On this occasion La clemenza di Tito K. 621 is composed and staged in Prague. Other works: Die Zauberflöte K. 620, Requiem Mass K. 626, Clarinet Concerto K. 622
At the end of November Mozart is taken ill and remains bedridden. In early December he receives generous offers from Hungary and Amsterdam for subscriptions of new compositions. December 5: Mozart dies in Vienna.